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Individualism and the Unity of Science
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 165

Individualism and the Unity of Science

In this original and important book, Harold Kincaid defends a view of the special sciences -- all sciences outside physics -- as autonomous and nonreducible. He argues that the biological and social sciences provide explanations that cannot be captured by explanations at the level of their constituent parts, and yet that this does not commit us to mysterious, nonphysical entities like vital forces or group minds. A look at real scientific practice shows that the many different sciences can be unified in a way that leaves them each an autonomous explanatory role. This book will be of great interest to philosophers of science and social scientists.

Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 283

Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences

This 1996 book argues that behind the diverse methods of the natural sciences lies a common core of scientific rationality.

Scientific Metaphysics
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 256

Scientific Metaphysics

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2013-01-17
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  • Publisher: OUP Oxford

Scientific Metaphysics collects original essays by some of the world's leading philosophers of science on the question of whether metaphysics can and should be naturalized—that is, conducted as a part of natural science. Some people will think that the idea of naturalized metaphysics is a contradiction in terms, on the grounds that metaphysics is by definition about matters that transcend the domain of empirical inquiry. Most of the authors here disagree, and hold that if metaphysics is to hold out any prospect of identifying objective truths, it must be continuous with and inspired by science. Many go further, and argue that it should be conducted in such a way as to be of some positive u...

Classifying Psychopathology
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 296

Classifying Psychopathology

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2014-04-11
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  • Publisher: MIT Press

In this volume, leading philosophers of psychiatry examine psychiatric classification systems, including the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), asking whether current systems are sufficient for effective diagnosis, treatment, and research. Doing so, they take up the question of whether mental disorders are natural kinds, grounded in something in the outside world. Psychiatric categories based on natural kinds should group phenomena in such a way that they are subject to the same type of causal explanations and respond similarly to the same type of causal interventions. When these categories do not evince such groupings, there is reason to revise existing classificat...

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 670

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics

This volume is the first comprehensive, cohesive, and accessible reference source to the philosophy of economics, presenting important new scholarship by top scholars.

Sociological Abstracts
  • Language: en

Sociological Abstracts

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 1997
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  • Publisher: Unknown

None

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 657

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science

The philosophy of the social sciences considers the underlying explanatory powers of the social (or human) sciences, such as history, economics, anthropology, politics, and sociology. The type of questions covered includes the methodological (the nature of observations, laws, theories, and explanations) to the ontological — whether or not these sciences can explain human nature in a way consistent with common-sense beliefs. This Handbook is a major, comprehensive look at the key ideas in the field, is guided by several principles. The first is that the philosophy of social science should be closely connected to, and informed by, developments in the sciences themselves. The second is that the volume should appeal to practicing social scientists as well as philosophers, with the contributors being both drawn from both ranks, and speaking to ongoing controversial issues in the field. Finally, the volume promotes connections across the social sciences, with greater internal discussion and interaction across disciplinary boundaries.

Kincaid-Claypool descendants
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 390

Kincaid-Claypool descendants

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 1991-04-01
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  • Publisher: Unknown

None

Establishing Medical Reality
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 240

Establishing Medical Reality

Medicine raises numerous philosophical issues. This volume approaches the philosophy of medicine from the broad naturalist perspective. This holds that philosophy must be continuous with, constrained by, and relevant to empirical results of the natural and social sciences. The upshot is a unique volume that ties medicine to contemporary issues in philosophy of science and metaphysics.

Value-Free Science
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 256

Value-Free Science

It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.