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Objective Comparison of Methods for Measuring Decomposition of Submerged Carrion for Research Purposes
  • Language: en

Objective Comparison of Methods for Measuring Decomposition of Submerged Carrion for Research Purposes

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2010
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  • Publisher: Unknown

Continuous monitoring of decomposition and calculations of the postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) of carrion at depth becomes problematic for forensic investigators due to risk contamination of the carrion caused by the extraction from the experimental environment and weighing processes. Underwater photography and evaluation utilizing the Heaton et al. total aquatic decomposition (TAD) score at depth was compared to weighing the carrion before and after submersion using full forensic necropsies as a means of control. Perinatal piglets were used as human analogues for experimental purposes. This study suggests that weighing the piglets after they have been submerged in fresh (stagnant) wat...

Edwards' Treatment of Drinking Problems
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 234

Edwards' Treatment of Drinking Problems

This book presents state-of-the-art, accessible reviews of the science of alcohol treatment and guidance for the management of clinical situations.

Circles of Recovery
  • Language: en

Circles of Recovery

Self-help organizations across the world, such as Alcoholics Anonymous, Croix D'Or, The Links, Moderation Management, Narcotics Anonymous, and SMART Recovery, have attracted tens of millions of individuals seeking to address addiction problems with drugs or alcohol. This book, originally published in 2004, provides an integrative, international review of research on these organizations, focusing in particular on the critical questions of how they affect individual members and whether self-help groups and formal health care systems can work together to combat substance abuse. Keith Humphreys reviews over 500 studies into the efficacy of self-help groups as an alternative and voluntary form of treatment. In addition to offering a critical review of the international body of research in this area, he provides practical strategies for how individual clinicians and treatment systems can interact with self-help organizations in a way that improves outcomes for patients and for communities as a whole.

The Treatment of Drinking Problems
  • Language: en

The Treatment of Drinking Problems

The Treatment of Drinking Problems has become the definitive text in the field of alcohol problems. It addresses the frontline realities of clinical practice in an informed and empathetic way, whilst grounding this approach in critical scientific review. Now in its fifth edition, the text has been thoroughly revised and updated with new sections covering interventions for hazardous and harmful drinking, dependent drinking, and the different settings in which alcohol problems are encountered. Clinical vignettes are used throughout the text to bring the discussion to life and to address the frontline realities of clinical practice. This is a highly readable and practical guide for anyone, generalist or specialist, treating or caring for someone with an alcohol problem.

How to Practice Evidence-Based Psychiatry
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 388

How to Practice Evidence-Based Psychiatry

The use of evidence-based guidelines and algorithms is widely encouraged in modern psychiatric settings, yet many practitioners find it challenging to apply and incorporate the latest evidence-based psychosocial and biological interventions. Now, practitioners have an outstanding new resource at their fingertips. How to Practice Evidence-Based Psychiatry: Basic Principles and Case Studies accomplishes two goals: it explains the methods and philosophy of evidence-based psychiatry, and it describes ways in which psychiatrists and other mental health specialists can incorporate evidence-based psychiatry into their clinical practices. Uniquely relevant to psychiatric clinicians, this is the only...

Rethinking Substance Abuse
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 320

Rethinking Substance Abuse

While knowledge on substance abuse and addictions is expanding rapidly, clinical practice still lags behind. This book brings together leading experts to describe what treatment and prevention would look like if it were based on the best science available. The volume incorporates developmental, neurobiological, genetic, behavioral, and social–environmental perspectives. Tightly edited chapters summarize current thinking on the nature and causes of alcohol and other drug problems; discuss what works at the individual, family, and societal levels; and offer robust principles for developing more effective treatments and services.

Smart on Crime
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 263

Smart on Crime

  • Type: Book
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  • Published: 2015-07-28
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  • Publisher: CRC Press

The most punitive era in American history reached its apex in the 1990s, but the trend has reversed in recent years. Smart on Crime: The Struggle to Build a Better American Penal System examines the factors causing this dramatic turnaround. It relates and echoes the increasing need and desire on the part of actors in the American government system to construct a penal system that is more rational and humane. Author Garrick L. Percival points out that the prison boom did not naturally emerge as a governmental response to increasing crime rates. Instead, political forces actively built and shaped the growth of a more aggressive and populated penal system. He is optimistic that the shifting pol...

Communicating in Relationships
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 267

Communicating in Relationships

Addresses the behavioral, affective, and cognitive aspects of communicating in relationships. The book can be used by couples as a self-help guide, by professionals as an adjunct to therapy, or as a supplementary text for related college courses. Numerous readings are interspersed with 44 exercises that provide a hands-on approach to learning. The authors outline 18 steps for developing communication skills and describe procedures for integrating the skills into relationships. Appendices summarize the empirical basis of the approach and provide psychometric information on the measures used.

Research on Alcoholism Treatment
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 438

Research on Alcoholism Treatment

From the President of the Research Society on Alcoholism The sixteenth volume of Recent Developments in Alcoholism contains the latest information on the field of alcoholism treatment research. This scholarly volume includes comprehensive reviews of the methodologies available to evaluate treatment outcome, state-of-the art psychosocial interventions, and recent advances in pharmacological adjuncts to treatment that are currently available and those on the brink of application. Other sections of the book address special issues in the treatment of alcohol dependence, including the treatment of the adolescents and other unique populations, the management of tobacco dependence, and the role of ...

Influencing Social Policy
  • Language: en
  • Pages: 408

Influencing Social Policy

Influencing Social Policy synthesizes current knowledge about how psychologists influence social policy to serve the public interest. The volume builds upon interviews with 79 applied psychologists about their experiences in the policy domain, with special focus on the work of applied developmental psychologists, applied social psychologists, and community psychologists. Additional foundations of the volume include a review of social science scholarship across a wide range of disciplines, and author Kenneth Maton's 30 years of teaching on the topic, including frequent interactions with Washington, DC, policy experts. Together, these sources provide in-depth information about how applied psyc...